Subject: [fem-women2000 545] Women's GlobalNet #159: Unprecedented UN Resolution on Women, Peace and
From: iwtc <>
Date: Fri, 03 Nov 2000 14:34:59 -0800
Seq: 545

IWTC Women's GlobalNet #159
Activities and Initiatives of Women Worldwide
By Anne S. Walker 

November 3, 2000


A resolution on Women, Peace and Security was passed unanimously by the 
UN Security Council on October 31, 2000

A coalition of five organizations, Women痴 International League for 
Peace and Freedom (WILPF), International Alert, Amnesty International, 
Women's Commission for Women Refugees and Girls and the Hague Appeal for 
Peace, joined with UNIFEM to draft a resolution that would call for 
gender sensitivity in all UN missions including peace-keeping, for women 
to equally participate at all negotiating tables and for the protection 
of women and girls during armed conflict. 

"Namibia held the presidency of the Security Council in October and 
welcomed our initiative. This experience reflects the New Democratic 
Diplomacy whereby governments, the UN and civil society work together 
for peace and justice. This is an historic victory for women, and 
therefore for all of human kind. Now we have to hold our governments 
accountable!" said Cora Weiss, President of the Hague Appeal for Peace

The full text of the resolution reads as follows:

Security Council Resolution S/2000/1044
31 October 2000

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 1261 (1999) of 25 August 1999, 1265 (1999) of 
17 September 1999, 1296 (2000) of 19 April 2000 and 1314 (2000) of 11 
August 2000, as well as relevant statements of its President and 
recalling also the statement of its President, to the press on the 
occasion of the United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International 
Peace of 8 March 2000 (SC/6816),

Recalling also the commitments of the Beijing Declaration and Platform 
for Action (A/52/231) as well as those contained in the outcome document 
of the twenty-third Special Session of the United Nations General 
Assembly entitled  "Women 2000: Gender Equality, Development and Peace 
for the  twenty-first century"  (A/S-23/10/Rev.1), in particular those 
concerning women and armed conflict,

Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United 
Nations and the primary responsibility of the Security Council under the 
Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security,

Expressing concern that civilians, particularly women and children, 
account for the vast majority of those adversely affected by armed 
conflict, including as refugees and internally displaced persons, and 
increasingly are targeted by combatants and armed elements, and 
recognizing the consequent impact this has on durable peace and 

Reaffirming the important role of women in the prevention and resolution 
of conflicts and in peace-building, and stressing the importance of 
their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the 
maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and the need to 
increase their role in decision-making with regard to conflict 
prevention and resolution,

Reaffirming also the need to implement fully international humanitarian 
and human rights law that protects the rights of women and girls during 
and after conflicts,

Emphasizing the need for all parties to ensure that mine clearance and 
mine awareness programmes take into account the special needs of women 
and girls,

Recognizing the urgent need to mainstream a gender perspective into 
peacekeeping operations, and in this regard noting the Windhoek 
Declaration and the Namibia Plan of Action on Mainstreaming a Gender 
Perspective in Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (S/2000/693),

Recognizing also the importance of the recommendation contained in the 
statement of its President to the press of 8 March 2000 for specialized 
training for all peacekeeping personnel on the protection, special needs 
and human rights of women and children in conflict situations,

Recognizing that an understanding of the impact of armed conflict on 
women and girls, effective institutional arrangements to guarantee their 
protection and full participation in the peace process can significantly 
contribute to the maintenance and promotion of international peace and 

Noting the need to consolidate data on the impact of armed conflict on 
women and girls,

1. Urges Member States to ensure increased representation of women at 
all decision-making levels in national, regional and international 
institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management, and 
resolution of conflict;

2. Encourages the Secretary-General to implement his strategic plan of 
action (A/49/587) calling for an increase in the participation of women 
at decision-making levels in conflict resolution and peace processes;

3. Urges the Secretary-General to appoint more women as special 
representatives and envoys to pursue good offices on his behalf, and in 
this regard calls on Member States to provide candidates to the 
Secretary-General, for inclusion in a regularly updated centralized 

4. Further urges the Secretary-General to seek to expand the role and 
contribution of women in United Nations field-based operations, and 
especially among military observers, civilian police, human rights and 
humanitarian personnel;

5. Expresses its willingness to incorporate a gender perspective into 
peacekeeping operations and urges the Secretary-General to ensure that, 
where appropriate, field operations include a gender component;

6. Requests the Secretary-General to provide to Member States training 
guidelines and materials on the protection, rights and the particular 
needs of women, as well as on the importance of involving women in all 
peacekeeping and peace-building measures, invites Member States to 
incorporate these elements as well as HIV/AIDS awareness training into 
their national training programmes for military and civilian police 
personnel in preparation for deployment and further requests the 
Secretary-General to ensure that civilian personnel of peacekeeping 
operations receive similar training;

7. Urges Member States to increase their voluntary financial, technical 
and logistical support for gender-sensitive training efforts, including 
those undertaken by relevant funds and programmes, inter alia, the 
United Nations Fund for Women and United Nations Children's Fund, and by 
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and other relevant 

8. Calls on all actors involved, when negotiating and implementing peace 
agreements, to adopt a gender perspective, including, inter alia:

(a) The special needs of women and girls during repatriation and 
resettlement and for rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict 

(b) Measures that support local women's peace initiatives and indigenous 
processes for conflict resolution, and that involve women in all of the 
implementation mechanisms of the peace agreements;

(c) Measures that ensure the protection of and respect for human rights 
of women and girls, particularly as they relate to the constitution, the 
electoral system, the police and the judiciary;

9. Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to respect fully 
international law applicable to the rights and protection of women and 
girls as civilians, in particular the obligations applicable to them 
under the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols 
thereto of 1977, the Refugee Convention of 1951 and the Protocol thereto 
of 1967, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of 
Discrimination against Women of 1979 and the Optional Protocol thereto 
of 1999 and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child of 
1989 and the two Optional Protocols thereto of 25 May 2000, and to bear 
in mind the relevant provisions of the Rome Statute of the International 
Criminal Court;

10. Calls on all parties to armed conflict to take special measures to 
protect women and girls from gender-based violence, particularly rape 
and other forms of sexual abuse, and all other forms of violence in 
situations of armed conflict;

11. Emphasizes the responsibility of all States to put an end to 
impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against 
humanity, war crimes including those relating to sexual violence against 
women and girls, and in this regard, stresses the need to exclude these 
crimes, where feasible from amnesty provisions;

12. Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to respect the civilian and 
humanitarian character of refugee camps and settlements, and to take 
into account the particular needs of women and girls, including in their 
design, and recalls its resolution 1208 (1998) of 19 November 1998;

13. Encourages all those involved in the planning for disarmament, 
demobilization and reintegration to consider the different needs of 
female and male ex-combatants and to take into account the needs of 
their dependants;

14. Reaffirms its readiness, whenever measures are adopted under Article 
41 of the Charter of the United Nations, to give consideration to their 
potential impact on the civilian population, bearing in mind the special 
needs of women and girls, in order to consider appropriate humanitarian 

15. Expresses its willingness to ensure that Security Council missions 
take into account gender considerations and the rights of women, 
including through consultation with local and international women's 

16. Invites the Secretary-General to carry out a study on the impact of 
armed conflict on women and girls, the role of women in peace-building 
and the gender dimensions of peace processes and conflict resolution, 
and further invites him to submit a report to the Security Council on 
the results of this study and to make this available to all Member 
States of the United Nations;

17. Requests the Secretary-General, where appropriate, to include in his 
reporting to the Security Council, progress on gender mainstreaming 
throughout peacekeeping missions and all other aspects relating to women 
and girls;

18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter."

IWTC Women's GlobalNet is a production of:

International Women's Tribune Centre
777 United Nations Plaza
3rd  Floor
New York, NY 10017, USA
Tel:  (1-212) 687-8633
Fax: (1-212) 661-2704
Email: <>

You can subscribe to this list at any time by sending a blank message to  

You can unsubscribe to this list at any time by sending a blank message to


For quality, cutting-edge publications on women and development by, for and about women worldwide, see Women, Ink's catalogue at our web site: <>. 

Or contact Women, Ink. at 777 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA.  Tel: Yasna Uberoi (1-212) 687-8633 ext 212 or Mary Wong (1-212) 687-8633 ext 204. Fax: (1-212) 661-2704. E-mail: <>

Women, Ink. is a project of IWTC

Newsletters, Tips and Discussions on Your Favorite Topics

 _________________________________________________________________________ for Women 2000, UN Special Session on Beijing+5
 Searcheable Archive
 visit fem-net HomePage for other mailing lists

Return to Index
Return to fem-women2000 HOME