Subject: [fem-women2000 362] Beijing+5 #3 ENB Vol. 14 No. 43 (fwd)
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Date: Mon, 12 Jun 2000 04:25:21 -0500
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Beijing +5 #3



Tonya Barnes 
Richard Campbell 
Wendy Jackson  
Gretchen Sidhu 
Violette Lacloche 
Wagaki Mwangi 

Pamela Chasek, Ph.D. 

Managing Director
Langston James Goree VI "Kimo" 

Vol. 14 No. 43
Wednesday, 7 June 2000

Daily coverage of the informal consultations of the 44th 
Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, acting as 
the Preparatory Committee for the Beijing +5 UNGASS can be 
found at


On Tuesday, 6 June, the Plenary met in the morning and afternoon. 
Working Group I, chaired by Kirsten Mlacak (Canada), met in the 
morning to discuss Sections II and III. Working Group II, chaired 
by Asith Bhattacharjee (India), met in the morning, afternoon and 
evening to discuss Section IV. Contact groups met in the morning, 
afternoon and evening to debate text on globalization and health.


Delegates heard statements on the review and appraisal of progress 
made in the implementation of the PFA's 12 critical areas of 
concern. Speakers included two Vice-Presidents, one Head of 
Government, two Deputy Prime Ministers, 20 Ministers, four Vice-
Ministers and two Chiefs of Delegation. Plenary statements can be 
found on the Internet at:



Armed Conflict: In paragraph 12, on achievements, JUSCANZ 
proposed, with SADC, text on a gender-sensitive "approach to the" 
application of international human rights and humanitarian law. 
EGYPT, with SYRIA, called for a distinction between human rights 
and humanitarian "laws," while JUSCANZ, the EU, SENEGAL and CHINA 
opposed changing previously agreed language. BANGLADESH proposed 
replacing "application" with "enforcement." The text remains 
bracketed. JUSCANZ proposed, while the EU supported and BANGLADESH 
opposed, incorporation of language from GA Resolution 54/105 on 
the adoption of the Rome Statute of the ICC, which provides that, 
inter alia, rape and other forms of sexual violence are war 
crimes. The EU suggested, and JUSCANZ opposed, text on any other 
forms of sexual violence of comparable gravity. Chair Mlacak 
referred the text to a contact group.


In paragraph 41, on gender relations and equality, Yakin Ertk, 
Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women, explained 
gender identity, gender roles, and cultural and political 
identities. Delegates debated references to recognizing or 
measuring the real value of women's unremunerated work. The EU, 
with LIBYA, EGYPT, SUDAN and SLAC, noted different measurements of 
women's work, and preferred reference to the failure to recognize 
the real value of women. CARICOM said recognizing value is 
insufficient and suggested language on the failure to develop the 
mechanisms to measure unremunerated work. SADC, NIGERIA, TURKEY 
and others concurred. SUDAN noted difficulties with developing 
economic indicators of measurement. MEXICO highlighted PFA 
references. The Chair proposed text referring to the failure to 
recognize and to value, including through measuring in 
quantitative terms the unremunerated work of women for inclusion 
in national accounts, has meant that women's full contribution to 
social and economic development remains underestimated. The EU, 
EGYPT, LIBYA and others opposed reference to national accounts. 
SADC, NIGERIA, SLAC and others supported retention. The text 
remains bracketed.



International Actions: In 122(a), delegates agreed to text on 
assisting governments regarding humanitarian crises resulting from 
armed conflict and natural disasters. In 122(b), delegates amended 
and agreed to SLAC text on full participation of women in peace 
initiatives. SLAC withdrew its proposal for 122(c).  In G-
77/China-proposed 122 ter, on self-determination, SLAC, supported 
by others, advocated WSSD language. The text remains bracketed. 
Delegates could not agree on the formulation of 122(d), on the 
international criminal tribunals. In 123(a), delegates agreed on 
supporting activities to eliminate violence, including those of 
women's networks and UN organizations. Delegates supported, while 
EGYPT opposed, relocating and debating 125B, on an international 
environment conducive to world peace, in Section I. No consensus 
was reached. 

National and International Actions: In the sub-section chapeau, 
specifying actions by governments, regional, and international 
organizations, including the UN system and IFIs and other actors, 
EGYPT opposed lifting brackets from IFIs and other actors. No 
consensus was reached. In 125H, on human rights policies, 
PAKISTAN, with CHINA, supported language on creating an enabling 
environment for these policies. He emphasized that alternative 
language on designing and implementing policies would require the 
text be placed under national actions. The sub-paragraph remains 

Delegates agreed to negotiate a SLAC formulation of 125(f), on 
accurate and comparable data and developing indicators. PAKISTAN, 
with EGYPT and CHINA, and opposed by the EU, suggested deleting 
comparable and indicators, and preferred inserting reference to 
disaggregated data. JAMAICA, with the DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, 
preferred deleting comparable and keeping indicators. ARGENTINA 
called for retaining comparable. TUNISIA suggested deleting 
comparable and disaggregated, and referring to accurate and 
reliable data. MOROCCO, ETHIOPIA and SENEGAL supported indicators. 
SADC and SLAC proposed comparable and disaggregated data. JUSCANZ, 
with TONGA, noted that disaggregated and indicators are agreed PFA 
language. The alternatives remain bracketed. Delegates rejected 
Sudan's proposal on women in difficult circumstances, but agreed 
on the Philippines' reference to migrant workers and Morocco's 
proposed reference to all forms of violence.

In 125(g), the EU amended SLAC text to refer to regularly 
compiling and publishing crime statistics and mapping trends in 
law enforcement concerning violations of the rights of women and 
girls to increase awareness in order to develop more effective 
policies. Delegates agreed, and relocated 125(g) under national 
actions. In 126(a), the EU reformulated text on developing and 
supporting the capacity of, inter alia, universities to undertake 
gender-related and policy-oriented research in order to inform 
policy makers and to fully implement the goals of the PFA and 
their follow-up. PAKISTAN preferred "to promote full 
implementation of the PFA." TURKEY specified training institutes 
and other relevant research institutes. With these amendments, 
126(a) was agreed.

In 126(b), on action-oriented programmes, delegates accepted an EU 
amendment referring to implementation of the PFA. A reference to 
whether this should be "full" or "accelerated" remains bracketed. 
SLAC suggested language on, inter alia, time-bound targets and/or 
long-term measurable goals. PAKISTAN, with SYRIA and CHINA, 
supported the SLAC proposal under national actions. BANGLADESH 
preferred an EU formulation on time-bound targets. The EU and 
TURKEY opposed moving the text, and EGYPT opposed reference to 
either measurable goals or indicators. JUSCANZ referred to earlier 
agreement on reference to time-bound targets and short- and long-
term measurable goals. The text remains bracketed.

Delegates accepted SLAC's proposal to delete 127(e), on 
international trade. PAKISTAN and NIGERIA supported the EU's 
proposal to merge 127(b) and (c) with contact group language on 
respecting, promoting and realizing the principles contained in 
the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work 
and, inter alia, encouraging universal ratification and full 
implementation of ILO conventions. JUSCANZ preferred reference to 
strongly considering ratification. With this amendment, the sub-
paragraph was agreed.

In 127(g), on consumption and production patterns, SLAC and 
JUSCANZ supported an EU proposal to refer to enhancing commitment 
to gender-sensitive development and supporting women's role in 
these patterns. Delegates accepted Pakistan's reference to 
"affirming" commitment. MOROCCO and NIGERIA preferred retaining 
reference to direct investments. NIGERIA, opposed by SLAC, called 
for encouraging investments, while MOROCCO preferred encouraging 
and reorienting. The reference remains bracketed.

Delegates adopted EU-proposed text merging 127(h), on agriculture 
extension services, and 127(i), on security of rural women, with 
India's reference to home-based work, especially in the informal 
sector. In 127(j), on child labor, EGYPT introduced a reference to 
"exploitative" forms of labor, which remains bracketed. Delegates 
adopted: 128(c), on youth organizations; an EU reformulation of 
128(d), on promoting education and mentoring programmes; 128(d) 
bis, on skill training for women and girls; 128(h), on education 
and training of indigenous women, with retention of the reference 
to indigenous women's spirituality; and 128(j), on enrollment of 
children in primary and secondary school with CARICOM reference to 
relevant international targets set by international conferences. 

Delegates agreed to delete 129(f), on women's participation at 
decision-making levels. In merged 130(a) and (b), on measures to 
eliminate violence against women and girls, including, inter alia, 
trafficking and forced marriages, references to the worst forms of 
child labor and to child prostitution, pornography and trafficking 
remain pending. No consensus was reached on placement of 130(d), 
on support to NGOs in addressing violence. Delegates agreed to 
move 130(e), on prosecuting the perpetrators of violence against 
women, to national actions, with additional reference to redress 


In a drafting group on globalization, chaired by Misako Kaji 
(Japan), delegates considered 30 bis, on globalisation and SAPs. 

noted the formulation lays blame on external factors only; it 
portrays SAPs negatively, which could impact on future ODA; and it 
delinks globalisation and SAPs. There are two alternative 
formulations. One states that the negative consequences of SAPs, 
stemming from inappropriate design and application, have continued 
to place a disproportionate burden on women, inter alia, through 
budget cuts in basic social services. A second proposal notes that 
the impact of globalization, high costs of external debt servicing 
arising from SAPs, and declining terms of international trade have 
in several developing countries worsened the existing obstacles to 
development, aggravating the feminization of poverty.

In 30 ter, on the impact of the debt burden and debt servicing, 
delegates disagreed on World Bank and Second Committee 
classifications of developing countries. Compromise draft text was 
obtained by lifting similar references from WSSD+5 negotiations. 
In paragraph 29, on the side effects of the global economy, 
delegates dropped reference to labor standards that are not 
universally agreed. 

A contact group, chaired by Patricia Flor (Germany), discussed 30 
quater, on the negative impacts of unilateral coercive measures, 
but reached no consensus and the text was referred to the drafting 
group. They also transferred 125A, on strengthening poverty 
eradication strategies, after debating references to participation 
of women and challenges. In 135(d), on intensifying efforts to 
implement and evaluate poverty eradication programmes, a reference 
to "quality" training and education was accepted, and the text was 

Sub-paragraph 125C, on debt relief, was considered along with 
135(f), on the HIPC Initiative. In 125C, a tentative consensus was 
reached on language on identifying and implementing development-
oriented and durable solutions, which integrate a gender 
perspective, to external debt problems of developing countries, 
inter alia, through debt relief, in order to help them to finance 
programmes and projects targeted at development, including the 
advancement of women. References to LDCs, sound economic 
management, and debt cancellation remain unresolved. In 135(f), 
references to ensuring provision of funding for the HIPC 
Initiative, other debt relief initiatives, and comprehensive 
poverty reduction strategies were debated, but no consensus was 

By 10:00 pm, no progress had been reported on outstanding issues 
in the contact group on health.


As at least one pundit-of-the-podium wittily refers to post-
Special Session intersessionals, delegates are reflecting on 
options that include: no document, a weak document, a miracle 
document, or a document that is never completed - not an 
unprecedented event in UN history. One regional NGO caucus has 
announced its support for the first option, but observers note 
that there is no organized force to make political hay out of the 
fall of the Beijing process. Other activists say they've seen 
enough, and are ready to return to work on the national level. 
Meanwhile, there are some persistent advocates who still hawkishly 
follow the negotiations, even assisting UN security guards in 
keeping their compatriots out of last night's hot debate on 
reproductive health [and services]. Don't miss today's 
interdenominational prayer service for the outcomes document... 


PLENARY: The Plenary will convene at 10:00 am and 3:00 pm in the 
General Assembly Hall.

WORKING GROUPS: Working Group I will meet in Conference Room 6 at 
10:00 am, 3:00 pm, 7:00 pm and 10:00 pm. Working Group II will 
meet in Conference Room 2 at 10:00 am, 3:00 pm, 7:00 pm, 10:00 pm 
and 1:00 am.

CONTACT GROUPS: Contact groups will meet in Conference Room 5 at 
10:00 am on diversity, human rights, the girl child and family; at 
3:30 pm on armed conflict; and at 7:00 pm on globalization.

This issue of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin ゥ 
 is written and edited by Tonya Barnes 
, Richard Campbell , 
Wendy Jackson  and Gretchen Sidhu 
, Violette Lacloche , Wagaki 
Mwangi . The Editor is Pamela Chasek, Ph.D. 
 and the Managing Editor is Langston James 
"Kimo" Goree . Digital editing by Leila Mead 
. The Sustaining Donors of the 
Bulletin are The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
the Government of Canada (through CIDA), the United States 
(through USAID), the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests 
and Landscape (SAEFL), the United Kingdom Department for 
International Development (DFID) and the European 
Commission (DG-ENV.) General Support for the Bulletin 
during 2000 is provided by the German Federal Ministry of 
Environment (BMU) and the German Federal Ministry of 
Development Cooperation (BMZ), the Danish Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Environment of Austria, 
the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment of 
Norway, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of 
Environment of Finland, the Government of Sweden, the 
Government of Australia, the United Nations Development 
Programme (UNDP), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and 
BP Amoco. Specific funding for coverage of the Beijing +5 
process has been provided by The Netherlands Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs and the United Kingdom DFID. The Bulletin 
can be contacted by e-mail at  and at tel: 
+1-212-644-0204; fax: +1-212-644-0206. IISD can be 
contacted by e-mail at  and at 161 Portage 
Avenue East, 6th Floor, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 0Y4, Canada. 
The opinions expressed in the Earth Negotiations Bulletin 
are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the 
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