Subject: [fem-women2000 257] CSW-44 Informals ENB Vol. 14 No. 35 (fwd)
Date: Sun, 28 May 2000 10:44:33 -0400
Seq: 257

ENB <> wrote:
> CSW-44 Informals #1



Tonya Barnes  
Gretchen Sidhu 

Managing Director
Langston James Goree VI "Kimo"

Vol. 14 No. 35
Wednesday, 24 May 2000

Daily coverage of the informal consultations of the 44th 
Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, acting as 
the Preparatory Committee for the Beijing +5 UNGASS can be 
found at

8, 9, 11, 15, 16 MAY 2000

The Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the Special 
Session of the General Assembly entitled Women 2000: Gender 
equality, development and peace for the 21st century, also 
known as Beijing +5, reconvened to consider further actions 
and initiatives to implement the Beijing Declaration and 
Platform for Action (PFA). The current document is a 
streamlined version of the proposed outcome document for 
the Special Session (E/CN.6/2000/PC/L.1/Rev.3) and was 
prepared by the open-ended extended Bureau group, following 
negotiations from 28 February to 17 March 2000,  and 
intersessionals on 8, 9, 11, 15 and 16 May. 

On Monday, 8 May, PrepCom Chair Christine Kapalata 
(Tanzania) opened the intersessionals by urging governments 
to advance the cause of the world's women beyond the 1995 
Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW). On Thursday, 11 
May, Angela King, Special Advisor to the Secretary-General 
on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women, noted that 
grassroots women have used the PFA to advance their rights, 
and emphasized that Beijing +5 should be a forum for 
concrete action. By Tuesday, 16 May, delegates had reached 
agreement on 38 out of 293 paragraphs and sub-paragraphs.  
Working Group I discussed Section II, on achievements and 
obstacles, and Section III, on current challenges. Working 
Group II debated Section IV, on further actions and 



Women and Poverty: In agreed paragraph 4, on achievements, 
delegates accepted G-77/CHINA references to, inter alia, 
efforts by governments, in cooperation with NGOs, to 
integrate gender perspectives into poverty eradication; and 
international financial institutions (IFIs) giving 
increased attention to incorporating gender perspectives in 
their policies. Delegates agreed on references to 
microcredit widening economic opportunities and to tools 
being developed to enhance the different impacts of poverty 
on women and men. In paragraph 5, on obstacles, delegates 
agreed to a G-77/CHINA deletion of a list specifying 
vulnerable and marginalized groups. Brackets remain on 
references to, inter alia, military spending, foreign 
occupation, official development assistance (ODA) targets 
and globalization.

Education: In agreed paragraph 6, on achievements, 
delegates accepted a G-77/CHINA proposal noting increased 
awareness that education is one of the most valuable means 
to achieve gender equality. In paragraph 7, on obstacles, 
brackets remain on references to political will and the 
impact of structural adjustment programmes (SAPs). 
Delegates agreed to a G-77/China formulation affirming that 
in a number of countries, economic, social and 
infrastructural barriers, as well as traditional 
discriminatory practices, contributed to lower enrolment 
and retention rates for girls. 

Violence: In paragraph 10, on achievements, delegates 
agreed to, inter alia, an EU proposal on laws to prosecute 
perpetrators of violence, and to G-77/China language on 
recognition at all levels of violence as a health issue. 
CROATIA, with JUSCANZ, supported language on cooperation 
between governments and NGOs in preventing violence. The G-
77/CHINA opposed, and it remains bracketed. Delegates 
agreed to text recognizing female genital mutilation (FGM) 
as a form of violence against women. Sentences on violence 
against women as a human rights violation remain bracketed 
pending EU consideration. In paragraph 11, on obstacles, 
delegates agreed to G-77/China formulated text, with 
amendments, on, inter alia: inadequate data; discriminatory 
socio-cultural attitudes and economic inequalities; and 
weak legislative measures. The EU opposed a reference to  
pornography. It remains bracketed. JUSCANZ proposed text on 
the lack of programmes dealing with perpetrators. The G-77/ 
CHINA opposed, and no agreement was reached. Brackets also 
remain on JUSCANZ proposals for, inter alia, linking 
fragmented prevention strategies to women's vulnerability 
to violence.

Armed Conflict: In paragraph 12, on achievements, delegates 
agreed on, inter alia, the different impacts of armed 
conflict on women and men;  women's contribution to 
peacemaking and conflict resolution; and gender-based 
persecution as a basis for refugee status. Brackets remain 
on references to, inter alia, a gender-sensitive appli-
cation of international human rights and humanitarian law, 
displaced women, financial resources, religious 
organizations, arms reduction and the antipersonnel mines 

Decision-making: In paragraph 17, on obstacles, delegates 
lifted brackets on, inter alia: the gross under-
representation of women; the awareness of women to engage 
in decision-making; and the willingness of men to share 
power. The G-77/CHINA could not agree to a JUSCANZ proposal 
to add prevention to text on conflict resolution 
mechanisms. The G-77/CHINA continued to oppose language on 
clear and transparent appointment and selection criteria. 
References to sufficient dialogue with women's NGOs and to 
the failure to adapt organizational and political 
structures to make them woman-friendly also remain in 
brackets. The G-77/CHINA proposed alternative language, 
referring to the lack of adequate adaptation of organiza-
tional and political structures in order to have more women 
in all spheres of political decision-making. 


In paragraph 28, on the context of PFA implementation, 
JUSCANZ supported a reference to insufficient political 
commitment. It remains bracketed. In paragraph 29, on 
globalization, delegates agreed to a G-77/China proposal 
that this has resulted in, rather than caused, inter alia, 
policy shifts in some countries. Delegates did not agree on 
other proposed elements, including references to, inter 
alia: the changing roles of the private sector; the gender 
impact of changes aiming at a better balance between 
economic, employment, and social policies and sustainable 
development; the effect of globalization on cultural 
values; and political changes, including new forms of 
governance and the growth of international civil society.



Delegates agreed to combine sub-paragraphs 100(a), (b), 
(c), (d) and (g), on using time-bound targets and 
measurable goals to promote progress toward women's full 
participation in all levels of public life. In agreed 
102(a), on designing policies for women's human rights, 
delegates accepted an EU insertion of fundamental freedoms. 
In 102(b), on repealing all discriminatory legislation by 
2005, the G-77/ CHINA objected to the date, and it remains 
bracketed. The G-77/ CHINA introduced new language for 
102(d), calling for governments to, inter alia, consider 
ratifying CEDAW. JUSCANZ noted that original language 
called for ratifying. The G-77/CHINA proposed changing 
chapeau language from governments "must act" to "actions to 
be taken." The paragraph was agreed. The G-77/CHINA 
proposed deleting 102(e), on CEDAW compatibility. The EU 
and JUSCANZ opposed, and it remains bracketed. 

Delegates agreed to EU-proposed text for 102(g), on signing 
the Optional Protocol to CEDAW. Sub-paragraphs 102(h) ・(j) 
remain bracketed. In 102(h), on eliminating discrimination 
on the basis of, inter alia, race and sexual orientation, 
the G-77/CHINA, supported by the HOLY SEE, objected to 
referring to practices and procedures, and urged ending the 
text at the word discrimination. In 102(i), the HOLY SEE 
specified taking measures to ensure that maternity not 
provide a basis for discrimination, while JUSCANZ proposed 
new language on eliminating discriminatory practices that 
restrict women's full participation. The EU opposed merging 
102(j), on discrimination on the basis of sexual 
orientation, with 102(h), noting that 102(j) specifically 
addresses homosexuality.  In 102(k), on legislative and 
administrative reform, the G-77/CHINA proposed highlighting 
access by rural women and women living in poverty to land, 
inheritance, and credit. The EU added reference to economic 
resources, and the sub-paragraph was agreed. In 102(l), 
JUSCANZ accepted G-77/China text on protection for gender-
related persecution. A reference to assessing grounds for 
granting asylum remains bracketed.

The G-77/CHINA reformulated 103(a), on reviewing and 
revising existing legislation on violence against women. 
The EU and JUSCANZ supported language emphasizing 
introduction of legislation. The sub-paragraph remains 
bracketed. In 103(c), on domestic violence, delegates 
accepted a JUSCANZ reference to strengthening appropriate 
mechanisms, but did not agree to family instead of domestic 
violence. Following G-77/CHINA opposition, brackets also 
remain on Turkey's proposed reference to marital rape and 
sexual abuse. In 103(d), the G-77/CHINA proposed, while the 
EU and TURKEY opposed, deletion of reference to FGM, forced 
marriages and honor crimes. The reference remains 
bracketed. Delegates agreed on sub-paragraphs 103(e), (f) 
and (h). In 103(e), on violence against women, they 
accepted undertaking rather than continuing research. In 
103(f), on racism, they agreed on racially motivated 
violence against women and girls. In 103(h), on mental 
health services, they supported an EU reference to gender 
sensitive programmes.

In agreed 106(a), on the Convention on Biological 
Diversity, the EU, supported by the HOLY SEE, specified 
where appropriate. In an agreed merger of  some of the sub-
paragraphs under 109, on budgetary processes, delegates 
accepted references to, inter alia, adequate budgetary 
allocations, and monitoring and evaluation. The G-77/ CHINA 
proposed reformulating 109(b) to emphasize increasing 
investments in the social sector. JUSCANZ added language on 
utilizing investments appropriately and effectively. No 
consensus was reached.

In 111(a), on employment, delegates accepted references to, 
inter alia: promotion of adequate social protection; 
simplification of administrative procedures; and removal of 
fiscal obstacles, where appropriate.  In 112(a), on 
institutional mechanisms working with national machineries 
and NGOs, delegates agreed to a G-77/China proposal to 
refer to cooperation with civil society, particularly 
women's NGOs. JUSCANZ proposed, and the G-77/CHINA opposed, 
reference to institutional mechanisms at all levels of 
government. The Chair suggested deleting the word 
"government," and the paragraph was agreed. Delegates 
accepted G-77/China formulations of: 112(d), on effective 
commissions or other institutions to promote equal opportu-
nities; and 112(e), on national action plans to implement 
the PFA.

In 113(a), on sex-disaggregated data, delegates agreed to 
remove a reference to national statistical offices' 
services being demand driven, and to include a JUSCANZ 
proposal on formats that are accessible to the public and 
to policy makers. The G-77/CHINA opposed reference to 
indicators, and it remains bracketed. In agreed 113(b), on 
policy-oriented research and impact studies, delegates 
accepted specifying these should be gender-related. No 
agreement was reached on a G-77/ China proposal to delete 
114(a), on policies that protect and promote women's human 
rights. In 114(b), on coalitions among, inter alia, NGOs to 
protect and promote women's human rights, delegates agreed 
to a G-77/China reference to collaborations. The G-77/CHINA 
opposed JUSCANZ insertions of partnerships and various 
levels of government. Brackets also remain on a Holy See 
reference to religious leaders, and on G-77/China text on 
the dignity and worth of the human person. In 117(a), on 
opportunities for women in politics, delegates accepted a 
G-77/China reformulation, including references to politics 
at all levels and to providing favorable conditions. The EU 
added reference to equal terms with men, and the paragraph 
was agreed. The G-77/CHINA proposed, and the EU and JUSCANZ 
opposed, deleting 117(b), on supporting women in senior 
positions. No agreement was reached.

In EU-proposed text merging 111(b) and 118(b), on ensuring 
and safeguarding the rights of women workers, delegates 
agreed to G-77/ China amendments, including, inter alia, 
reference to protecting and promoting rights. Consensus was 
reached on an EU merger of 118(a), 118(j) and 128(g), on 
enhancing women's employability, which included a G-
77/China reference specifying access to quality jobs 
instead of improving the quality of employment. Delegates 
also accepted an EU combination of 118(f), 118(g) and 
127(k), on family friendly policies and services. The G-
77/CHINA proposed a new 118(a) bis, on strengthening 
microfinance instruments through support of IFIs. The sub-
paragraph was agreed and moved to 127(e) bis.  Delegates 
reached consensus on a G-77/China reformulation of 118(d), 
on women entrepreneurs, after deleting a reference to 
emerging enterprises. They accepted 118(e), on equal pay 
for equal work. 

In 127(d), on international labor laws, the EU proposed 
text on labor standards for all forms of work, including 
non-standard work and those forms particularly affecting 
women, which have increased, inter alia, as a result of 
globalization. JUSCANZ suggested reference to various forms 
of employment, particularly those affecting women. The G-
77/CHINA preferred language on, inter alia, national labor 
laws. No agreement was reached.


Working Group I will meet at 10:00 am and continue work 
on Sections II and III. Working Group II will meet at 3:00 
pm and continue work on Section IV.

This issue of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin 
 is written and edited by Tonya Barnes 
 and Gretchen Sidhu . The 
Editor is Pamela Chasek, Ph.D.  and the 
Managing Editor is Langston James "Kimo" Goree 
. Digital editing by Leila Mead 
. The Sustaining Donors of the 
Bulletin are The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
the Government of Canada (through CIDA), the United States 
(through USAID), the Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests 
and Landscape (SAEFL), the United Kingdom Department for 
International Development (DFID) and the European 
Commission (DG-ENV.) General Support for the Bulletin 
during 2000 is provided by the German Federal Ministry of 
Environment (BMU) and the German Federal Ministry of 
Development Cooperation (BMZ), the Danish Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Environment of Austria, 
the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment of 
Norway, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of 
Environment of Finland, the Government of Sweden, the 
Government of Australia, the United Nations Development 
Programme (UNDP), the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and 
BP Amoco. Specific funding for coverage of the Beijing +5 
process has been provided by The Netherlands Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs and the United Kingdom DFID. The Bulletin 
can be contacted by e-mail at  and at tel: 
+1-212-644-0204; fax: +1-212-644-0206. IISD can be 
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Avenue East, 6th Floor, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 0Y4, Canada. 
The opinions expressed in the Earth Negotiations Bulletin 
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