Subject: [fem-events 1074] 人身売買に関するスポットビデオ
From: lalamaziwa <>
Date: Fri, 22 Mar 2002 23:10:49 +0900 (JST)
Seq: 1074

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lalamaziwa です。

以下 英語のままですが、fact sheet - を転載します。


website で見れます。テレビ局での放映も呼びかけており、放映用ビデオテープ

Global TV Campaign on Human Trafficking

A new video spot has been released as part of a global television 
campaign by the UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP) 
to increase awareness about trafficking in human beings

Global TV Campaign on Human Trafficking
Fact Sheet

    * Trafficking in human beings is now the fastest-growing business of
organized crime. According to recent estimates, more than 700,000 people
are trafficked every year for the purposes of sexual exploitation and
forced labour. They are transported across borders and sold into
modern-day slavery.

    * From Himalayan villages to East European cities, people --
especially women and girls -- are attracted by the prospect of a
well-paid job abroad as a domestic servant, waitress or factory worker.
Traffickers recruit victims through fake advertisements, mail-order
bride catalogues and casual acquaintances. Upon arrival at their
destination, victims? documents are usually taken away and they end up
exploited, forced to pay off alleged debts under the threat of violence.
Many are then coerced into bonded labour, often including sexual

    * Trafficking in human beings is not confined to the sex industry.
Children are trafficked to work in sweatshops as bonded labour and men
work illegally in the "three D-jobs" -- dirty, difficult and dangerous.

    * Over the past decade, trafficking in human beings has reached
epidemic proportions. No country is immune. The search for work abroad
has been fueled by economic disparity, high unemployment and disruption
of traditional livelihoods. Traffickers face few risks and can earn huge
profits by taking advantage of large numbers of potential immigrants. In
many cases, drug traffickers have switched to trafficking human beings
because it is more lucrative and relatively risk-free.

    * Even when trafficking rings are busted and exposed, it is very
difficult to persuade victims to testify against their captors. They are
often frightened of retribution towards family members, ashamed to go
home and lack witness protection programs.

    * Trafficking in human beings is growing fastest in Central and
Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Europol estimates that the
industry is now worth several billion dollars a year. Russian
trafficking victims working in the sex industry in Germany reportedly
earn $7500 monthly, of which the exploiter takes at least $7,000.

    * In Asia, girls from villages in Nepal and Bangladesh are sold to
brothels in India for $1000. An estimated 200,000 Nepali women, the
majority of whom are girls under 18, are being exploited to work in
Indian cities. Trafficked women from Thailand and the Philippines are
increasingly being joined by women from other countries in Southeast

    * A recent CIA report estimated that between 45,000 to 50,000 women
and children are brought to the United States every year under false
pretenses and are forced to work as prostitutes, abused labourers or

    * UNICEF estimates that more than 200,000 children are enslaved by
cross-border smuggling in West and Central Africa. The children are
often "sold" by unsuspecting parents who believe their children are
going to be looked after, learn a trade or be educated.

    * Besides being a human rights issue, trafficking in human beings is
a public health concern due to the widespread infection of HIV/AIDS and
other sexually transmitted diseases. Additionally, it is a transnational
organized crime and a socioeconomic issue.

    * The UN has taken an important step forward in coordinating an
international response to trafficking. As of 1 January 2002, the
Convention against Transnational Organized Crime was signed by 140
countries and ratified by six. A total of 101 countries have signed its
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons,
especially Women and Children, and four have ratified it. States that
ratify the Protocol are required to criminalize trafficking, punish
offenders, protect victims and cooperate in seeking out traffickers.

    * Under the Protocol against Trafficking in Persons, there must be
an act of "recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt
of persons":

    * by means of "the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion,
of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a
position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or
benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another

    * for the purpose of exploitation, which includes, at a minimum,
"?the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of
sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices
similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs."

    * The Convention against Transnational Organized Crime is also
supplemented by the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land,
Sea and Air. The definition of smuggling of migrants includes
procurement of illegal entry into a country of which the person is not a
national or a permanent resident in order to obtain direct or indirect
financial or other material benefit.

    * The Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings of the
UN?s Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP) was designed to
provide practical assistance to agencies, institutions and governments
and is currently undertaking projects in Asia (the Philippines), Central
Europe (Poland and the Czech Republic) and Latin America (Brazil).
Activities in West Africa (Benin, Nigeria, Togo) are under preparation.
Cooperation with the Economic Community of West African States led to
the adoption of a Political Declaration and ECOWAS Action Plan against
Trafficking in Persons in December 2001.

February 11, 2002
--------------------- Original Message Ends --------------------

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